75 Years as a Proud American Icon

What humbly began as a family gum business in Brooklyn has evolved into a classic American sports company. Throughout its remarkable history, Topps has proudly fostered an enduring connection between fans and their heroes, not only in baseball but also in football, hockey, entertainment, and pop culture. Join us to hear about 75 years of creating products inspired by the sports, teams, and players you love.

1938 – A Company Grows in Brooklyn

Brooklyn entrepreneur Morris Shorin’s four sons—Abram, Ira, Joseph and Philip— revive the family’s struggling tobacco-distribution business by creating Topps Chewing Gum, Inc. They actually borrow the now-famous Topps moniker from a small Chattanooga candy company of the same name that they bought. The name neatly doubles as their goal to be “tops” in selling penny-apiece tabs of gum called “change-makers.”

1947 – Forever Blowing Bubbles

Topps takes aim at competitor Fleer’s Dubble Bubble with Bazooka, tagged as “The Atom Bubble Gum.” The chewy pink pads will be wrapped in jokey comics, starring eye patch-wearing Bazooka Joe and his motley crew, beginning in 1953. Topps will become a leading candy maker, famous too for Ring Pops, Push Pops and other confections.

1949 – The First Topps Cards

Topps stakes its first claim in American hobbyist culture with 252 Magic Photo Cards (images magically appear when blank 7/8" x 1 3/8" cards are moistened and exposed to light), which are actually freebies inside packs of gum. Featured among sports stars of the day are 19 baseball greats, including Babe Ruth, Rogers Hornsby and Cy Young.

1950 – Cowboy Leads the Pop Culture Parade

Fictional cowboy Hopalong Cassidy—popularized in books, radio, TV and movies—is the lone star of Topps’ first in a pantheon of popular culture card sets, giving kids cardboard collectibles of Elvis Presley, The Beatles, Mars Attacks!, Star Wars, Pokémon, Garbage Pail Kids and Desert Storm, as well as Wacky Packages and other sticker products.

1951 – Teaming Up with the National Pastime

Topps becomes a permanent fixture in America’s most popular sport of the day by releasing its first series of baseball cards. The so-called Blue Backs and Red Backs, with 52 cards in separate sets, or decks, are designed to let kids play a game of card-baseball. Along with a photo and bio of a player, each 2” x 2 5/8” card has an at-bat result, such as “single,” “double,” “fly out” and so on. Although unique among subsequent Topps sets—and packed with taffy, not bubblegum—these historic cards establish the company as the leader in the upstart baseball card game.

1952 – Modern Baseball Card Era Begins

Topps creates its first annual set of baseball cards—and ushers in an everlasting love affair between the company and collectors. The set features 407 cards, each measuring 2 5/8” x 3 3/4”, and is released throughout the year in six series. Topps salesman turned executive Sy Berger designs the standard-setting cards—the first with team logos and simulated player autographs on the fronts and bios and stats on the backs—at his kitchen table in Brooklyn. Unlike today’s computer-aided designers, he uses a ruler and scissors to cut out pieces of cardboard to mock up prototypes. Kids clamor for wax packs containing six cards and a slab of bubblegum for a nickel. Along with Willie, The Duke and a slew of other future Hall of Famers, the superstar of the still-much-sought-after set is a young switch-hitter from Spavinaw, Oklahoma—Mickey Mantle.

1954 – Collecting Hobby Breaks New Ice

Kids everywhere start collecting and trading baseball cards—along with clothespinning doubles to bicycle wheels for that unmistakable flapping sound. Topps expands the hobby by introducing its first National Hockey League set, 60 cards highlighting players from the four U.S.-based teams, the Boston Bruins, Chicago Blackhawks, Detroit Red Wings and New York Rangers. The set—designed with All-American red, white, and blue colors—is anchored by Rangers defenseman Harry Howell (whose card #1, marred by rubber bands kids wrapped around sequential stacks, becomes rare), the Red Wings’ Alex “Fats” Delvecchio (#39, who eventually wins three Lady Byng Trophies) and his teammate and the game’s most popular player, Gordie “Mr. Hockey” Howe (his card #8 is the most highly valued of this seminal set).

1957 – Swishing a Home Run, Slap Shot for a Touchdown

A year after purchasing its main competitor, Bowman Gum Co., Topps satisfies an even wider base of collectors and fans by producing cards for all four major sports. Kids can covet cards featuring 1956 MVPs in MLB (Mickey Mantle and Don Newcombe), the NBA (Bob Pettit) and the NFL (Frank Gifford); alas, the Canadiens’ Jean Beliveau wasn’t in the U.S.-team-only Topps set. Forever seeking innovations, Topps reduces the size of its sports cards to the now-standard 2 ½” x 3 ½” dimensions, from the earlier 2 5/8” x 3 5/8”.

1960 – Stars Align for Topps and Kids

The first Topps All-Star Rookie team—rookies from the 1959 season—appears in the card series, designated with a gold trophy symbol of a batter on a top hat and the phrase “Selected by the youth of America.” In an interesting twist, Topps does not actually poll kids, but instead works with network of loyal retailers to pick the winners.

1962 – Expanding with the Times

The Sixties are rapidly becoming a decade of change in American culture—from long-haired hippies to moon-landing astronauts—and Topps leads the way within its popular niche. After its 1961 baseball cards welcomed the American League’s two new teams, the Angels and Senators, its ’62 set includes the National League’s expansion Mets and Colt .45s (Astros three years later).

1966 – Culture, and Topps, Goes Pop!

Along with sports, America’s kids are glued to Sixties TV too. Topps is tuned into what kids love—not just athletes, but superheroes too—with a bevy of popular culture card sets celebrating small-screen hit shows such as Batman, The Green Hornet, Lost in Space, The Man from U.N.C.L.E. and Superman. Today those pop culture cards evoke baby boomers’ memories of their wonder years, which they’re all too happy to share with their kids and grandkids.

1971 – Backs to the Future

Topps revolutionized baseball and other sports cards in 1952 by introducing interesting, meaningful and fun card backs that spurred fans’ interest in players’ statistics. The company makes another leap forward in 1971, replacing whimsical cartoons and quizzes that accompanied stats on card backs with player photos for the first time. While collectors appreciate this break from the norm, printing black-and-white pictures isn’t exactly rocket science, and photos won’t be on backs again until 1993.

1974 – Fueling Rookie Fever

Baseball is in the midst of monumental change in 1974, with the AL’s designated-hitter rule a year earlier and free agency a year later. Card collectors are becoming more savvy, too, valuing players’ rookie cards more than ever. Furthering that trend, Topps releases its first Traded series in late ’74, stacking it with rookies called up from the minors and players who changed teams during the season.

1982 – In the Muddle of the Huddle

Topps produced its first football cards in 1951 (college all-stars appeared in the Magic set) and has been in the NFL game continuously since 1956. Nonetheless, 1982 is the first year the league allows Topps to show actual team logos on player photos and card designs. Aware of collectors’ love of rarities, Topps releases sets for other gridiron leagues, too, including the American Football League and the short-lived United States Football League, with USFL cards in 1984 and ’85. While Jim Kelly, Steve Young, Reggie White and Herschel Walker would achieve superstardom in NFL uniforms, their USFL cards remain desirable objects of nostalgic desire.

1989 – Leading the Pack

By the late 1980s, the baseball card hobby is booming and Topps is at the forefront. At the same time, collectors’ interest in sports nostalgia and memorabilia is rampant, another trend Topps is nurturing. The company had shelved the Bowman brand after purchasing its early rival in 1956, then in ’89 releases a set of Bowman baseball cards. While harking back to the 1953 Bowman design—right down to the larger 2 ½” x 3 ¾” size and up-close player photos—innovative stats on the back make the set a modern-day hit.

1990 – Read All About It!

Topps launches Topps Magazine, a fan-friendly quarterly that profiles superstars, tracks up-and-coming minor leaguers and red-hot rookies and generally celebrates the booming card-collecting hobby. Top sportswriters sit down with perennial All-Stars, from Ken Griffey to Nolan Ryan. Readers look back at Topps’ greatest hits, sneak peeks at new cards, enter dozens of contests to win valuable prizes and welcome expert advice on building their collections.

1992 – Out with the Old, in with the New

Even though Topps is synonymous with bubblegum cards printed on gray cardboard and sold in wax packs, the company has never rested on its laurels. Collectors have long complained that the gum and wax stains cards, detracting from their value. So Topps moves beyond all three traditions, dispensing altogether with the ubiquitous pink chew, switching to white card stock and sealing cards in plastic wrappers. Keeping its finger on the pulse of the marketplace, Topps makes other advancements in the early ’90s, such as the premium Stadium Club (1991) and super-premium Topps Finest (1993) brands.

2000 – Brave New Worlds

Topps celebrates the new millennium by leading collectors in two 21st-century directions. In the regular baseball set, they randomly insert 10 relic cards featuring not only photos of star players but also actual tiny pieces (mostly bases) of their home stadiums. Inspired by the burgeoning online and investing worlds, multi-sport eTopps cards are offered as IPOs (Initial Player Offerings) on a members-only website. Investors track market prices that rise and fall based on the player’s real-time performance, and buyers and sellers of cards negotiate online via eBay.

2012 – Another App-ropriate Innovation

Topps pushes the digital envelope by unleashing a trio of smartphone apps for its baseball and football devotees. Topps Pennant is for stats freaks, capturing the play-by-play and box scores from over 117,000 MLB games, from last night’s results back to 1952. Topps HUDDLE and Topps BUNT lay down an interactive, fan vs. fan game that marries the science of fantasy sports with the art of card collecting, bringing the thrill of chasing your sports heroes to your iPhone, iPod touch, and iPad.